All You Need to Know About Septic Systems and Wells

All You Need to Know About Septic Systems and Wells

Septic tanks are believed to come from France many years ago. They were invented by Mr. Mouras in 1860, and then a patent was granted in 1881. By 1883, they were in America.

They were made out of concrete and had a bunch of pipes with one inlet and one outlet. There were three layers to filter the stuff and if it wasn’t maintained you would have a sewer smell emitting from the site. You were very limited in what could go down the drain. No bleach or cleaning products, no oily substances and no garbage disposal usage. There were and still are bacterial enzymes you flush to keep the system clean.

Some people still follow the rules laid out above, but the modern versions are not quite so easy to clog. You still use the enzymes, but the results are far better. Now if you have a family of ten, you may still run into sluggish waste removal, but otherwise most people don’t have any problems.

Today’s systems are far more advanced and cheaper. The old method needed a leach field with layers of stone, pipes, more stone and dirt. Now they use something called an infiltrator chamber. They are plastic tubes that are buried in a trench and covered with dirt. The county usually requires a soil test to determine the rate of absorption, which is the deciding factor in how long your system has to be.

These work so well because of the new design. They have a large storage area for peak usage times, and side louvers to increase leaching ability. They also have an opening in the bottom for increased filtration. They are lightweight, and stack for easy transport plus they are inexpensive.

Now are they approved where you want to live? Yes, they are adopted in all 50 states and are leak free. There is another infiltrator system that is for larger homes, it’s called a tw-series. They have a thick triple wall design and are approved for use as septic or water tanks and pump tanks. These guys are tough if you cover them with 12 inches of soil they can tolerate up to 16,000 pounds driving over them.

So now you know, there is no reason to fear septic systems. In fact, these are so easy to install it is now a do it yourself project. They are inexpensive too. They last longer than the old style cement forms, and they don’t leak. Since it only requires a trench you can put them anywhere.

The county performs the soil test, so find out how much that costs and how long it takes to get it done. You should also ask if an inspection has to be done before it’s covered up and if a permit is needed.

Now for a little information about well digging, just for the heck of it. The costs vary depending on the earth composites and accessibility. The average residential well is from 30 to 200 feet. If professionals do, the hard work costs can soar up to 100.00 a foot. Get several free estimates and gather all the knowledge they have in case you decide to do it yourself.

Ask about the terrain where you live and if that requires special equipment or materials. Ask how much the permits are and who would test the water for safety and is that expensive too?

You also need to know what type of water system you will end up with and why that is better than any other system. These are the pros remember; they should have all the answers. Require a written contract, a photocopy of their license and documents proving they have adequate liability insurance. If something goes awry the last thing you want to hear is that they don’t carry insurance.

The contract needs to include in writing who will do the clean-up and the name of the company that will install the water system once the well is dug. In case they don’t hit the water, ask for an agreement for a second attempt to be included in the price. A time limit is always a good idea. Once you sign an agreement, they could stretch it out for months while you sit waiting for them to come.

Negotiate a reasonable amount of time for the job to be completed and if it isn’t the contract shall be considered null and void. Do not pay them up front either, that would be great for them and a disaster for you. No reputable company would even ask for that.

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